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It is the center of Chile's most densely populated region, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million, of which more than 6 million live in the city's continuous urban area. Also is the Planetarium at the University of Santiago de Chile. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia officially founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (Santiago of New Extremadura) near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as Santa Lucia. Santiago, Chile ; Destinations in United States. The celebration of the World Cup in 1962 gave new impetus to implement plans for city improvement. Other important buildings were opened during this era, such as the Teatro Municipal opera house, and the Club Hípico de Santiago. There is no indigenous name for the area occupied by Santiago; Mapuche language uses the name "Santiaw" as an adaptation of the Spanish name of the city. La Reina on map  Particulate matter air pollution is a serious public health concern in Santiago, with atmospheric concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 regularly exceeding standards established by the US Environmental Protection Agency and World Health Organization. The San Cristobal Hill in this period began a long process of development.  On 11 February 1930 it was declared a university by a decree of Pope Pius XI. Elevation : 505 meters / 1656.82 feet, 9. With the end of the war, Bernardo O'Higgins was accepted as Supreme Director and, like his father, began a number of important works for the city. Recorded March 2, 2009. The city is home to numerous universities, colleges, research institutions, and libraries. The panel of 21 judges is the highest judicial power in Chile. Many migrants arrived in Santiago with nothing and thousands had to survive on the streets due to the great difficulty in finding a place they could rent. 0 2 0 The Costanera Center was completed in 2009, and includes housing, shopping, and entertainment venues. Most of the museums are located in the historic city center, occupying the old buildings of colonial origin, such as with the National History Museum, which is located in the Palacio de la Real Audiencia.  Annual festivals featured in Santiago include Lollapalooza and the Maquinaria festival. From north to south, it is crossed by Autopista Central and the Independencia, Gran Avenida, Recoleta, Santa Rosa, Vicuña Mackenna and Tobalaba avenues. Widespread disease, including tuberculosis, claimed the lives of hundreds of the homeless. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (2004), Boletín de Políticas Públicas: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Santiago Estación Central railway station, Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport, Avenida Libertador General Bernardo O'Higgins, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Directorate of Libraries, Archives and Museums, Faculty of Arts of the University of Chile, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile, Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educación, Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano, Universidad de Ciencias de la Informática, Universidad de Artes, Ciencias y Comunicación, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, List of twin towns and sister cities in Chile, "Santiago confirmed as host of 2023 Pan American Games", "Past, present, and future images of a "green space" in the metropolitan area of Santiago", "Argentina and Chile Central, Ultra-Prominences", "Impacto en la variabilidad de la línea de nieve en crecidas invernales en cuencas pluvio-nivales de Chile central", "40 grados y contando: La histórica ola de calor que batió récord en la zona central", "Temperatura Mensual Histórica de la Estación", "Datos Normales y Promedios Históricos Promedios de 30 años o menos", "CLIMAT summary for 85406: Pudahuel (Chile) – Section 2: Monthly Normals", "CLIMAT summary for 85577: Santiago Q. The enactment of the Autonomous Municipalities' act allowed municipalities to create various administrative divisions around the then Santiago departamento, with the aim of improving local ruling. The commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "Downtown/Central Santiago" (Santiago Centro), is an administrative division that comprises roughly the area occupied by the city during its colonial period. 1. Santiago, Chile Lat Long Coordinates Info. ... 965 meters / 3166.01 feet . Lo Prado on map Santiago will host the 2023 Pan American Games.. The urban area was extended to more than 62 000 ha for real estate development. The club hosts its home games in the Estadio Monumental in the commune of Macul.  It is located 15 km from the city centre. To differentiate with other cities called Santiago, the South American city is sometimes called "Santiago de Chile" in Spanish and other languages. 4,313,719 people in Chile say they were born in one of the communes of the Santiago Metropolitan Region, which, according to the 2002 census, amounts to 28.5% of the national total. Closest 30 localities: 1. - 4.54 km/2.82 mi - It includes several major universities, and has developed a modern transportation infrastructure, including a free flow toll-based, partly underground urban freeway system and the Metro de Santiago, South America's most extensive subway system. La Cisterna on map Ex-president, Sebastián Piñera, minister Ricardo Raineri, and minister Hernán de Solminihac all attended PUC as students and worked in PUC as professors.  Typically there are lengthy dry spells even in the rainiest of winters, intercepted with similarly lengthy periods of heavy rainfall. The growth of Santiago has undergone several changes over the course of its history. At the southern border lies the Angostura de Paine, an elongated spur of the Andes that almost reaches the coast. Santiago Metro has six operating lines (1, 2, 3, 4, 4A, 5 and 6), extending over 142 km (88 mi) and connecting 118 stations. Although some institutions, such as the National Institute and the National Library, were installed in the Patria Vieja, they were closed after the patriot defeat at the Battle of Rancagua in 1814. Among the most important are the fortifications of Santa Lucia hill, the shrine of the Virgin Mary on the summit of San Cristobal hill, the lavish crypt of the General Cemetery, Parque Forestal, the O'Higgins Park and the Quinta Normal Park. Lo Espejo, Santiago Elevation on Map The topography within 2 miles of Santiago contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,818 feet. However, the constant danger faced by Concepción, due partly to its proximity to the War of Arauco and also to a succession of devastating earthquakes, would not allow the definitive establishment of the Royal Court in Santiago until 1607. La Reina, Santiago Elevation on Map Close by is the Municipal Theatre of Santiago, which was built in 1857 by the French architect Brunet of Edward Baines. Elevation : 564 meters / 1850.39 feet, 25. The Congress was deposed under the military dictatorship (1973–89) of Augusto Pinochet, and after the dictatorship was newly constituted on 11 March 1990, in Valparaíso. The Metro was expanded considerably, lines were extended and three new lines were built between 1997 and 2006 in the southeastern sector. The roots of the University date back to the year 1622, as on 19 August the first university in Chile under the name of Santo Tomás de Aquino was founded. The Costanera Center, a mega project in Santiago's Financial District, includes a 280,000-square-metre (3,000,000 sq ft) mall, a 300-meter (980 ft) tower, two office towers of 170 meters (558 ft) each, and a hotel 105 meters (344 ft) tall. Huechuraba on map Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times. Ñuñoa, Santiago Elevation on Map - 8.65 km/5.37 mi - The building is also the headquarters of the Court of Appeals of Santiago. This system also offers reduced fares for the elderly, as well as high school and university students. The four office towers are served by highway and subway connections.. In communes such as Santiago Centro and Independencia, according to 2017 census, 1/3 of residents is a Latin American immigrant (28% and 31% of the population of these communes, respectively). Returning to spend the night in low-slung Santiago and taking it gently on the slopes until you’ve acclimatised to the altitude will help. The railway network was extended allowing connection of the city with its nascent suburbs by a new rail ring and route to the Cajón del Maipo, while a new railway station was built in the north of the city: the Mapocho Station. Although its builders were able to complete the bridge, the piers were constantly being damaged by the river. 67.6% of the inhabitants of Santiago claim to have been born in one of the communes of the metropolitan area. The aristocracy built small palaces for residential use, mainly around the neighborhood Republica and preserved until today. The population density in Santiago is 8,464 inhabitants/km2. Elevation : 586 meters / 1922.57 feet, 3. The city and region's demonym is santiaguinos (male) and santiaguinas (female). In February 2011, Gran Torre Santiago, part of the Costanera Center project, located in the called Sanhattan district, reached the 300-meter mark, officially becoming the tallest structure in Latin America.. The basin is approximately 80 kilometres (50 miles) in a north–south direction and 35 km (22 mi) from east to west. The Costanera Center has stores like Armani Exchange, Banana Republic, Façonnable, Hugo Boss, Swarovski, and Zara. Hence we may safely conclude that within the Indo-human periodthere has been an elevation, as before alluded to, of more thaneighty-five feet; for some little elevation must have been lost bythe coast having subsided since the old maps were engraved.Wiss. Only a few historical buildings from the Spanish colonial period remain in the city, because – like the rest of the country – Santiago is regularly hit by earthquakes. The commune, administered by the Municipality of Santiago and headed by a mayor, is part of the Santiago Province headed by a provincial delegate, which is in itself a subdivision of the Santiago Metropolitan Region headed by an intendant. The area would have served as a basis for the failed Inca expeditions southward road junction as the Inca Trail.
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