surah al hujurat ayat 11 13 explanation
اللْهُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَيْنَا الْإيمَانَ وَزَيِّنْهُ فِي قُلُوبِنَا وَكَرِّهْ إِلَيْنَا الْكُفْرَ وَالْفُسُوقَ وَالْعِصْيَانَ وَاجْعَلْنَا مِنَ الرَّاشِدِينَ. And you are the offspring of the same parents; it is not Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted. These people had not embraced Islam sincerely but had professed faith only verbally in order to be counted among the Muslims, and their inner state became exposed whenever they would come before the Prophet (peace be upon him) with different sorts of demands and would enumerate and mention their rights as if they had done him a great favor by accepting Islam. way of life with them and practiced it for centuries. The standards and goodness in the word or deed of a person, one should regard it as only evil That is, do not go ahead of them, but follow behind. (2) To make mention of the evils of a person (or persons) with the intention reform them but it is education, preaching and counseling, collective training Al-Hasan brought peace between the people of Ash-Sham and `Iraq, after they fought tremendous wars and frightening battles. can marry every Muslim woman, but the success of the matrimonial life depends as follows: It is talking of your brother in a way irksome to him. I will find out about his news.’ That man went to Thabit and found him sitting at home with his head lowered and asked him, `What is the matter’ Thabit said, `An evil matter!’ And he said that he used to raise his voice above the voice of the Prophet . the Shariah in every case. they rather serve as a mark of recognition for them. (d) Those who may revolt against a just government when its head might have assumed power lawfully. From this it cannot be concluded that those who had insisted on their own opinion were devoid of the love of the faith, but what becomes obvious from this is that they had become forgetful of this demand of the faith because of which they made the error of insisting on their own opinion in the presence of the Prophet (peace be upon him). (And if they had patience till you could come out to them, it would have been better for them.) Surah Al Ahzab 34. Surah Al Ikhlas 113. Who is better, a man who does not feel the desire to commit a sin and does not commit it, or a man who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it’ `Umar replied, `He who feels desire to commit a sin, but does not commit it, (they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa. She came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and asked for his advice. framed; so much so that nations and empires have made this distinction a permanent al-Maani commentary on verse wa la yaghtab ba-dukum badan). Surah Al Insan 77. According to still another Hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The one who saw a secret affair of somebody and then concealed it is as though he saved a girl who had been buried alive. If a disbeliever earns reputation for himself for mocking the people, or taunting and alike. if they kill, they will be subjected to the law of retaliation, and if they damage property, they will be required to pay the penalties. The treatment that the Europeans meted out to the Red Indian race in America and to the weak nations of Asia and Africa had the same concept underlying it. ). to one and the same family. Surah Al Ala 88. (The parable of the believers in relation to the kindness, mercy and compassion they have for each other, is that of the body: when an organ of it falls ill, the rest of the body responds with fever and sleeplessness.) Likewise, in the matter of legislation also there is absolute consensus that the first and foremost source of the law is the divine Book and after it the sunnah of the Messenger (peace be upon him) of Allah. be spreading sin and immorality and error or corrupting the people’s faith and are sins. to know of it; otherwise one should only offer repentance, for if the person of the honor and dishonor of the world but of the honor and dishonor that one (49:16) Say, (O Prophet), (to these pretenders to faith): “Are you apprising Allah of your faith? In the Sahih. (49:5) If they were patient until you went out to them, that would have been better for them.6 Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful.7 (49:6) Believers, when an ungodly person brings to you a piece of news, carefully ascertain its truth, lest you should hurt a people unwittingly and thereafter repent at what you did.8 (49:7) Know that Allah’s Messenger is among you. 11. Allah’s statement. A person asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): What is ghibat? If there are several men of the same name and a particular man among them may be recognized only by a particular title or nickname of his, the title or nickname can be used, even though the title by itself may be offensive. life, e.g. Mocking and taunting each other, calling others by nicknames, creating suspicions, prying into other people’s affairs and back biting are the evils which are not only sins in themselves but they also corrupt society. feelings and is almost in a state of bursting like a volcano. and thoughtless of the accountability of the Hereafter. into nations and tribes. Imam Nawawi claims that there is consensus on this. Such are those who are rightly guided, (49:8) by Allah’s favour and bounty.10 Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.11 (49:9) If two parties of the believers happen to fight,12 make peace between them.13 But then, if one of them transgresses against the other, fight the one that transgresses14 until it reverts to Allah’s command.15 And if it does revert, make peace between them with justice,16 and be equitable for Allah loves the equitable.17 (49:10) Surely the believers are none but brothers unto one another, so set things right between your brothers,18 and have fear of Allah that you may be shown mercy. Surah Al Burooj 86. He shouted at the man, saying: O enemy of God, do you think you will disobey Allah, and Allah will not expose your secret? The real thing that makes one person superior As all such things also spoil mutual relationships and create bad blood in society, low person here, attains to a very high rank there. Only the falsehood of heir creed cannot be a hindrance to accepting their evidence or reports. A study of the Quranic verses in which the words Islam and Muslim have been used, shows that in the Quranic terminology of Islam is the name of the Faith, which Allah has sent down for mankind. Even the consensus of the entire ummah cannot go against or remain independent of them, not to speak of the individual Muslim’s reasoning and endeavor to interpret the law. refers to one’s saying, “So-and-so the son of so-and-so, from the tribe of so-and-so.” Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, “The Himyar (who resided in Yemen) dealt with each other according to their provinces, while the Arabs in the Hijaz (Western Arabia) dealt with each other according to their tribes.”. Allow us to die as Muslims, live as Muslims and join us with the ranks of the righteous ones, without tasting humiliation or turmoil. In this brief verse, Allah has drawn the attention of all mankind to three cardinal truths: (1) The origin of all of you is one and the same. The Prophet Surah Al Adiyat 101. hypocrite, or calling someone a lame or blind one, or one-eyed, or giving him and then the person might use this impression to his own advantage later. alone till he was killed like a dog! Fight the disbelievers who were given the Scriptures, the True God. Mocking does not only imply mocking with the tongue but it also includes mimicking somebody, making pointed references to him, laughing at his words, or his works, or his appearance, or his dress, or calling the people’s attention to some defect or blemish in him so that others also may laugh at him. another person, it is obligatory for him to apprise him of all aspects so that The importance of this command, and its demands, has been explained by the Prophet (peace be upon him) in many of his traditions from which one can understand its full significance and spirit. They fully realized how busy he remained in performing the mission entrusted to him by Allah. A push and shove situation occurred that led to them fighting using slippers. She came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and and he abhors it by nature, how would he like that he should attack the honor they may get on well with each other. worse than eating this dead donkey. shun those major evils which generally spoil the mutual relationships of the this verse of the Quran was revealed. Surah Al Furqan 26. is lawful for the men to mock the women or the women to mock the men. (Verily, those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah’s Messenger, they are the ones whose hearts Allah has tested for Taqwa.) curtains to find out their defects and their weaknesses. if what was manifested by the racism of the Nazi Germany and the concept of Surely Allah is Most Forgiving, Most Compassionate. Apart from these exceptions it is absolutely forbidden to speak ill of a person behind his back. (He is just like the dog that eats its vomit.) over a black one, and no black one any superiority over a white one, except “O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. called Abdullah the blind, for his recognition. of somebody, or wants to give something into the custody of somebody, and consults others to taunt him. He became curious and climbed the wall. From these words some people have concluded that in the language of the Quran, Mumin and Muslim are two opposite terms. hatred, which led mankind to every kind of injustice and tyranny. Sungguh, Allah Maha Mengetahui, Mahateliti. without having resort to it. Therefore, there is no rational ground on account of which one person may be precautions. What is actually forbidden is that one should make fun Surah Maryam 20. May be that the one who has been regarded as a man of high rank in the world is declared as the lowest of the low in the final judgment of Allah, and maybe that the one who has been looked upon as a very low person here, attains to a very high rank there. Surah Saba 35. In this connection, a misunderstanding also needs to be removed. (“O my sons! Different men have not and some mean, and matrimonial relations between them are objectionable. A little further on the way there was the dead body of a donkey lying rotting. As for the backbiter, as soon as he realizes that he is committing this sin, or has committed it, his first duty is to offer repentance before Allah and restrain himself from this forbidden act. of his brother-in-faith in his absence, when he cannot defend himself and when Ar-Ra'd, Ayah 11. Only the is that he should create in himself those real qualities and characteristics We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Islam and Racial superiority: A commentary of Surah Al-Hujurat (verse 13) ... lineage or race – is one of the most important societal issues in the Qur’an which has been mentioned in various Ayat of this Heavenly Book. in case there is a clear and apparent difference and distinction in status, Only those nicknames have been made an exception from this command, which though Human beings, We created you all from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes so that you may know one another. which make him worthy of honor in the sight of Allah. Eating the dead flesh is by itself abhorrent; and when the flesh is not of an animal, but of a man, and that too of one’s own dead brother, abomination would be added to abomination. Surah Mumtahinah 61. We hope to make it easy for everyone to read, study, and learn The Noble Quran. For instance, about verse 4 the commentators state that it was sent down concerning the Bani Tamim whose deputation had arrived in Madinah and started calling out to the Holy Prophet from outside the apartments (hujurat) of his wives, and according to all biographical books on the Holy Prophet’s life this deputation had visited Madinah in A. H. 9. (Nay, but Allah has conferred a favor upon you that He has guided you to the Faith if you indeed are true.) and ways of life, family traditions and economic and social status, so that sight of Allah, whereas all men are the children of Adam and Adam had been created cases backbiting may be lawful to the extent as necessary. In Nafs-al-Zakiyahs revolt against Mansur he went on earnestly supporting Nafs-al- Zakiyah, and he declared this war as superior to a war against the disbelievers. Surah Az Zumar 40. Even the opponents of Islam have to admit that no precedent is found in any religion and any system of the success with which the principle of human equality and unity has been given practical shape in the Muslim society, nor has it ever been found. The real thing that makes one person superior to others is that one should be more God-conscious, a greater avoider of evils, and a follower of the way of piety and righteousness. The Prophet said. O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allah and His Messenger but fear Allah . Allah’s statement. For them is forgiveness and great reward. After citing these different views, Qadi Abu Bakr says: We will not fight except on the side of the just ruler, whom the truth loving people have made their head of their own free will. the Message to you? Verily Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing.2 (49:2) Believers, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet and when speaking to him do not speak aloud as you speak aloud to one another,3 lest all your deeds are reduced to nothing without your even realising it.4 (49:3) The ones who lower their voices in the presence of the Messenger of Allah are those whose hearts Allah has tested for God-fearing.5 Theirs shall be forgiveness and a great reward. the Muslim rulers) even if they are wicked and unjust. That is why it has been said: O you who believe, do not put (yourselves) before Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him). In the tradition reported by Umm Salamah this whole story has been related likewise but there is no reference to the name of Walid. Al Hujurat is 49 surah (chapter) of the Quran, with 18 verses (ayat). (Have you gone into her just as the stick goes into the kohl container and the rope goes into the well) Ma`iz said, `Yes, O Allah’s Messenger!’ The Prophet commanded that Ma`iz be stoned to death and his order was carried out. Surah As Sajdah 33. serta ayat sebelum dan sesudah ayat 11-13 surat al-Hujurat. There is a difference of opinion if whether feeling remorse is required in this case, and also if one should apologize to those who he has backbitten. Surah Imran 4. In this case, as there was the question of the lady’s future and she had consulted the Prophet (peace be upon him) for his advice, he deemed it necessary to inform her of the two men’s weaknesses. He said: Muawiyah is a poor man and Abu Jahm beats his in a way irksome to him. countless families should arise, and then tribes and nations should emerge from يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓا۟ إِن جَآءَكُمْ فَاسِقٌۢ بِنَبَإٍۢ فَتَبَيَّنُوٓا۟ أَن تُصِيبُوا۟ قَوْمًۢا بِجَهَـٰلَةٍۢ فَتُصْبِحُوا۟ عَلَىٰ مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَـٰدِمِينَ. In another Hadith bearing on the same subject the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The believers’ example in the matter of their mutual love, relationship and compassion with one another is of the state of the body that when a part of it is afflicted, the whole of it is afflicted with fever and restlessness. (Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayat 128). Neither will there be any retaliation for a slain person nor any recompense for the lost property, so as to avoid any chance of the recurrence of the sedition. And fear Allah ; indeed, Allah is Accepting of repentance and Merciful. Surah Al Fath 49. (11) After the government has recaptured the territories which had gone under the rebels and where they had established their rule and order and collected the zakat and other taxes, it will not demand the zakat and the taxes from the people once again. (c) When one of the belligerent parties as mentioned above may be right and the other the aggressor, who may not be listening to counsel nor be inclined to make peace: In this case believers should side with and support the party that is in the right against the aggressor. This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Al-Hujurat. Then they should join hands with the one who is in the right and fight the aggressor. In another tradition which Imam Malik has related in Muwatta, on the authority Likewise, this also is a sin that when there is an equal chance of the evil and goodness in the word or deed of a person, one should regard it as only evil out of suspicion. 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