to a pair of sarus cranes poet
The second is the "expanding population" consisting of cranes appearing in new areas following new irrigation structures in semiarid and arid areas primarily in Gujarat and Rajasthan. How is the end of the female crane suggested in the poem? Pick out any two figures of speech used in the poem and explain how they add to the effectiveness of the poem. What figure of speech is used in the extract? The female crane then pecks at a few feathers of the male crane and in a desperate attempt to bring the male crane back to life tries to hatch the feathers to a toddling chick. Its so nice  The role of rice paddies and associated irrigation structures may be particularly important for the birds' conservation, since natural wetlands are increasingly threatened by human activity. The weight of nominate race individuals is 6.8–7.8 kg (15–17 lb), while five adults of A. a. sharpii averaged 8.4 kg (19 lb). Indian Sarus Crane: Plains of north, northwest, and west India, western half of Nepalâs Terai Lowlands, small numbers in Pakistan. The sarus cranes from the Indian subcontinent are well marked and differentiated from the south-eastern population by having a white collar below the bare head and upper neck, and white tertiary remiges. Increased agricultural intensity is often thought to have led to declines in sarus crane numbers, but they also benefit from wetland crops and the construction of canals and reservoirs. It returns to the spot when the hunter goes away. (a) that the female bird was out of her senses after the death of the male bird. When it fell down dead, the hunter, without paying any attention to the beauty that was lost through his action, casually picked up the bird ‘hands and jaws’, crumpled it like a piece of paper and threw it into his bag without a second look at it.  Flocks of over 100 birds are also reported from Gujarat in India and Australia. Across the distribution range, their weight can vary from 5 to 12 kg (11 to 26 lb), height typically from 115 to 167 cm (45 to 66 in), and wingspan from 220 to 250 cm (87 to 98 in). d. not clear , The sarus crane was formerly placed in the genus Grus, but a molecular phylogenetic study published in 2010 found that the genus, as then defined, was polyphyletic. , The nests can be more than 2 m (6 ft) in diameter and nearly 1 m (3 ft) high. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The nest is unconcealed and conspicuous, being visible from afar, and defended fiercely by the pair. The Greek word for crane is ÎÎµÏÎ±Î½Î¿Ï (Geranos), which gives us the so called Cranesbill, or hardy geranium.  Many farmers in India believe that these cranes damage standing crops, particularly rice, although studies show that direct feeding on rice grains resulted in losses amounting to less than 1% and trampling could account for grain loss around 0.4–15 kilograms (0.88–33.07 lb). Chicks are also prone to predation (estimated at about 8%) and collection at the nest, but more than 30% die of unknown reasons.  Breeding success, and proportions of pairs that raised two chicks each, was similar in each floodplain. Answer: Question 8. at Dhanauri wetlands. Question 3. the wings of the male bird are fully open. Killing a bird would lead to its surviving partner trumpeting for many days, and the other was traditionally believed to starve to death.  Eggs of the sarus crane are, however, used in folk remedies in some parts of India.  In the resulting rearrangement to create monophyletic genera, four species, including the sarus crane, were placed in the resurrected genus Antigone that had originally been erected by German naturalist Ludwig Reichenbach in 1853. Fun Facts. The male bird is shown as bending to pluck the sun out from the rim of the horizon. Discuss in pairs/groups of 4 each and answer the following questions. The bent neck of the bird and the eager movements of the bird are shown thus. Juveniles have a yellowish base to the bill and the brown-grey head is fully feathered.  The eggshells are removed by the parents after the chicks hatch either by carrying away the fragments or by swallowing them. Even sport-hunting guides discouraged shooting these birds. c. urgency of the hunters. , Analysis of mitochondrial DNA, from a limited number of specimens, suggested that gene flow occurred within the continental Asian populations until the 20th-century reductions in range, and that Australia was colonized only in the Late Pleistocene, some 35,000 years ago.  When alarmed, the parent cranes use a low korr-rr call that signals chicks to freeze and lie still. As there exists the possibility of (limited) hybridization with the genetically distinct brolga, the Australian sarus crane can be expected to be an incipient species. The population in India has, however, declined. , Payment to locals to guard nests and help increase breeding success has been attempted in northern Cambodia. , A review of literature and assessment of abundance of sarus cranes in Nepal suggests that past field methods were either inadequate or incomplete to properly estimate abundances, and that the population of cranes in Nepal may be on the increase. Photo: N. SHIVA KUMAR It is vital that the egg and newborn chick are protected against the elements and feral dogs, so the male and female sarus crane take turns guarding the nest and chick. According to the conservation status designations assigned by ICF, six of the species are considered endangered. Little is known about the diseases and parasites of the sarus crane, and their effects on wild bird populations.  More pairs are able to raise chicks in years with higher total rainfall, and when territory quality was undisturbed due to increased farming or development. Increasing paddy fields accompanied by an increase in the network of irrigation canals during and prior to the Green Revolution may have facilitated increases in the distribution and numbers of sarus cranes due to an increase in reliable moisture levels in various locations in India. Answer: Paragraph: The cranes pair for life.  New plans for developing the floodplain areas of northern Queensland may have detrimental impacts on breeding sarus crane populations, and require to incorporate the needs of cranes via conservation of a diversity of habitats that are currently found in the region. Crane movements are well known for their fluidity and grace. Cranes from this population aggregate in remaining wetlands and reservoirs during the dry summer, and breeding pairs set up territories during the rainy season (July – October) remaining on territories throughout the winter (November – March).  In their breeding grounds in north-eastern Australia, isotopic analyses on molted feathers revealed sarus crane diets to comprise a great diversity of vegetation, and restricted to a narrow range of trophic levels. hyacinth has spread in the pond. Habitat and Range: Saris cranes are found in northern India and Indochina. It is widely believed that the sarus pairs for life and that death of one partner leads to tâ¦ The beautiful, graceful bird was just a piece of meat for him. It is not known if this variation represents annual differences in conditions in the breeding areas or if it included biases such as different proportions of breeding pairs traveling to Atherton to over-winter. A pair of sarus cranes performing to intimidate a trespassing crane. A 2005 genetic analysis suggested that these three populations are representatives of a formerly continuous population that varied clinally. A study conducted at the Rome zoo noted that these birds were resistant to anthrax. The proud, dignified bird was killed and thrown into the washing bag like dirty linen. This bird has a grey ear covert patch, orange-red irises, and a greenish-grey bill. In Nepal, its distribution is restricted to the western and central lowland plains, with most of the population occurring in Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, and Nawalparasi districts. The sarus cranes in India (referred to as A. a. antigone) are the largest, and in the east from Myanmar is replaced by a population that extends into Southeast Asia (referred to as A. a. sharpii). A comprehensive assessment of unseasonal nesting based on collation of over 5,000 breeding records, however, showed that unseasonal nesting by sarus cranes in South Asia was very rare and was only carried out by pairs that did not succeed in raising chicks in the normal nesting season. And the poet says that the female sarus crane went beyond Humeâs words and beyond the legends and fables of human love. Permanent removal of pairs from the population due to developmental activities caused reduced population viability, and was a far more important factor impacting breeding success relative to total annual rainfall.. One which I kept, when bread and milk was given to him, would take the bread out of the milk, and wash it in his pan of water before eating it. Some 1500–2000 birds are left in several fragmented subpopulations, though recent surveys in Myanmar have discovered previously unknown breeding populations in several locations.  Farmers in sarus crane wintering areas in Australia are beginning to use efficient methods to harvest crops, which may lead to lowered food availability. This video will explain the poem in detail.  Unseasonal nests were initiated in years when rainfall extended beyond the normal June–October period, and when rainfall volume was higher than normal; or when artificial wet habitats were created by man-made structures such as reservoirs and irrigation canals to enhance crop production. Loud, trumpeting calls are often incorporated into these displays. Grieving for the male bird and sitting on his blood-stained feathers, the female bird forgot to eat or drink and thus, becoming very weak, met her end.
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