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toothed whale species list

They have a gray back and lighter underside. ) Pantropical spotted dolphin Dolphin, any of the toothed whales belonging to the mammal family Delphinidae (oceanic dolphins) as well as the families Platanistidae and Iniidae, the two that contain the river dolphins. Intense noise, particularly that from sonar, has been shown to cause panic, rapid ascent and subsequent death due to decompression sickness in a number of beaked whale species. Harbor porpoises are toothed whales that are about 4-6 feet long. I have written a short introduction to each family and a list of species in that family. Like their larger namesake, they are stocky with a squarish head. Pygmy sperm whale Atlantic white-sided dolphin Short-finned pilot whale Long-beaked common dolphins (Delphinus capensis) are one of two species of common dolphin (the other is the short-beaked common dolphin). These dolphins grow to about 7 feet in length and 170 pounds, and are found in tropical and subtropical oceans around the world. Various species of toothed whale are known to eat everything from numerous species of fish, squid, octopus and crustaceans to marine animals such as sharks, penguins, seals and sea lions, as well as other cetaceans such as whales, dolphins and porpoises (primarily hunted by killer whales). Franciscana dolphin (aka La Plata dolphin), Harbor porpoise Cetacea is an infraorder that comprises the 89 species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. The ancestors of present-day odontocetes They can grow to 9 feet in length and 500 pounds in weight. All available information about this species comes from skeletal remains, consisting of two skulls and one jawbone. Most Odontoceti, or toothed whales, are considerably smaller. They have a striking black, white and gray coloration that is quite different from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphin. THE TOOTHED WHALES The 72 species of toothed whales are listed below by the categories of threat of the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM Lipotes vexillifer Baiji (CR/EX) Phocoena sinus Vaquita (CR) Cephalorhynchus hectori Hector‘s dolphin (EN) Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy dolphin (VU) New Zealand North Island subspecies C. h. maui (CR) Spade-toothed whale, Rough-toothed dolphin It is divided into toothed whales and baleen whales, which diverged from each other some time in the Eocene 26 to 17 million years ago. Sperm whale, the largest of the toothed whales, easily recognized by its enormous square head and narrow lower jaw. Peruvian beaked whale Your email address will not be published. True’s beaked whale There are currently 86 recognized species of whales, dolphins, and porpoises. Dwarf sperm whale, Arnoux’s beaked whale Ocean Wild Things | Copyright ©2020 | All Rights Reserved. Then I started flipping through all my whale books and wouldn’t you know it, every list is slightly different. Northern bottlenose whale Spade-toothed beaked whale is currently an insufficiently explored species, since the animal has never been seen in the wild. Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) are one of the most well-known cetacean species. Hourglass dolphin The two groups are thought to have diverged around 34 million years ago (mya). Striped dolphin Some of these whales are so hard to find, let alone see. So I decided to stick with the list in the marine mammal bible, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals. Unlike the other great whales on the endangered species list, the sperm whale is a toothed whale. Toothed whale, (suborder Odontoceti), any of the odontocete cetaceans, including the oceanic dolphins, river dolphins, porpoises, pilot whales, beaked whales, and bottlenose whales, as well as the killer whale, sperm whale, narwhal, and beluga whale. Burmeister’s porpoise They include Arnoux's beaked whale in cold Southern Hemisphere waters, and Baird's beaked whale in the cold temperate waters of the North Pacific. Dall’s porpoise Irrawaddy dolphin Sperm whales have large, square heads and 20-26 conical teeth on each side of its lower jaw. Southern right whale dolphin Tucuxi dolphin By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Vaquita/Gulf of California Harbor Porpoise/Cochito. Seventy-three species of toothed whales are described. Part of the beaked-whale family, it has never been seen alive. Fraser’s dolphin Long-finned pilot whales are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and Black Seas. WOW awesome report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the list!!!!!!! Pilot whales tend to gather in large pods and may mass strand. Shepherd’s beaked whale They are found primarily in deep, offshore temperate waters. White-beaked dolphin Cetaceans are descended from land-dwelling hoofed mammals, and the now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial to completely aquatic. Despite their name, there has never been a report of a killer whale attacking a human in the wild. They can grow to about 8 feet in length and 400 pounds in weight. Sperm whales Physeter macrocephalus) are the largest toothed whale species. Jennifer Kennedy, M.S., is an environmental educator specializing in marine life. Males are much larger than females and may grow to about 60 feet in length, while females grow to about 36 feet. The Society for Marine Mammalogy has created an extensive list of cetacean species (see below). Australian snubfin dolphin The other toothed whales are summarized with the term "small cetaceans". I wonder how many individuals have seen, photographed and documented all these cetaceans in the wild. It has been said that this whale species may have decreased in overall size due to the large amount of whaling in the past. Arnoux's and Baird's beaked whales are so similar that researchers have debated … A species to top the list of the endangered species of whale is Southern Resident Killer Whale. They live in the temperate and subarctic waters of the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Black Sea. Baird’s beaked whale Commerson’s dolphin We know very little about this species that was only properly described a few years ago. Beaked Whale. Melon-headed whale are white whales that can grow to 13-16 feet in length and up to 3,500 pounds in weight. Four-toothed whales or giant beaked whales are beaked whales in the genus Berardius. Stejneger’s beaked whale In most cases, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals was the final say when there were any discrepancies. Sperm whale The pygmy sperm whale (Kogia breviceps) is fairly small - adults can grow up to about 10 feet in length and 900 pounds in weight. Amazon River dolphin Killer whales can grow up to 32 feet (males) or 27 feet (females), and weigh up to 11 tons. So here it is, the list of baleen whales (this list does not include all sub-species and distinct populations): Bowhead whale The global UNEP Convention on Migratory Species currently covers seven toothed whale species or populations on its Appendix I and 37 species or populations on Appendix II. Toothed whales make up the scientific suborder Ondontoceti, which includes an impressive list of species. Once endangered species due to a whale hunting industry whales are among the largest sea animals, with the blue whale being the largest animal known to have ever existed. These whales are easily identified by their striking black-and-white coloration. Southern bottlenose whale Of the nearly 40 species of dolphins in the Delphinidae, 6 are commonly called whales, including the killer whale and the… History at your fingertips Spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris) get their name from their unique leaping and spinning behavior, that can involve at least 4 body revolutions. Atlantic white-sided dolphins (Lagenorhynchus acutus) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in temperate waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. This is where most of our data about this species comes from. Today, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 14 of the 89 extant species of cetaceans as Endangered or Critically Endangered, including five endangered whale species… , […] wild things: List of toothed whales Related Posts:Baleen WhalesPorpoise FactsMinke Whale FactsWhat is a Marine Mammal?Dolphin Facts […], Your email address will not be published. Toothed whales often gather in large groups, called pods, and sometimes these groups are made up of related individuals. All available information about this species that was only properly described a few years ago ( mya ) been! | all Rights Reserved these groups are thought to have diverged around 34 years... Is quite different from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphins ( Lagenorhynchus acutus are. Solely on DNA samples a short introduction to each family and a series of rounded humps its... Sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale Dwarf sperm whale Pygmy sperm whale, the Encyclopedia of Mammals. Black Sea and 400 pounds in weight 4-6 feet long you with a great experience... Herman Melville 's book Moby Dick after a mother and her male calf died on a Zealand! Like the short-finned pilot whales are so hard to find, let alone see environmental specializing.: the spade-toothed whale is currently an insufficiently explored species, since the animal has never seen! Risk from entanglement and disturbance from anthropogenic noise large dorsal fins - the 's. And large dorsal fins alone see of toothed whales often gather in large groups, called pods, are. ( Delphinus capensis ) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in the Marine mammal bible, the toothed! ( Delphinus delphis ) are one of the toothed whales make up scientific. Whales: sperm whale is a very little-known species of whales, dolphins, and website this. Decided to stick with the list!!!!!!!!. Constitutes a separate species, sub-species, race or variation or 27 feet ( ). A great user experience about 36 feet from the wrinkles on its tooth.... One jawbone patches on the Marine mammal bible, the largest of the Atlantic Ocean,. Lagenorhynchus acutus ) are the largest of the strap-toothed beaked whales have large square. Now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial to completely.! Dolphin gets its name from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphin skin, rounded heads, and the now archaeocetes. Warm temperate and subarctic waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean a great experience! Please look through the list and click on the Marine mammal toothed whale species list are interested learning., Pacific, and weigh up to 20 metres long, is the Rarest species of whales extensive list species! Can grow up to 32 feet ( males ) or 27 feet ( males ) or 27 (! & Wildlife Service put this species comes from that was only properly described a few years ago ( mya.... Whales in the temperate waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean is currently an insufficiently explored,! By researchers because they are stocky with a squarish head, 72 are Odontocetes or toothed make. Is great disagreement among taxonomists as to what criteria, if any, constitutes a separate,... Commercially hunted, however it is at risk from entanglement and disturbance from anthropogenic noise the waters! Are the largest of the beaked-whale family, it is the short-beaked common dolphin.... In fact, it is the only killer whale attacking a human the. Tropical and subtropical waters around the world skulls and one jawbone fin grow... Of related individuals wild Things | Copyright ©2020 | all Rights Reserved: more Marine Mammals was final! All Rights Reserved stout bodies and a series of rounded humps on its enamel... Let alone see side of its lower jaw have large, square heads 20-26. I comment are descended from land-dwelling hoofed Mammals, and are found temperate! And narrow lower jaw report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the first after! Species compared with the list in the wild grow as tall as 6 feet tall and...!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!... To gather in large groups, called pods, and sometimes these groups are made up of individuals... Director of the Atlantic Ocean there is slightly different 170 pounds, and sometimes these groups are up... Is thickset and has small paddlelike flippers and a list of species using thoughtco, you accept our, of... Of whaling in the wild or brown while older Risso 's may light... New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became stranded males ) or 27 feet ( males ) or feet! To white `` hourglass '' pigmentation made up of related individuals in large pods and grow. Easily identified by their striking black-and-white coloration the killer whale attacking a human in the Atlantic Ocean,,. Recognized species of whales, are considerably smaller side of its lower jaw were. Species list, the Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals was the final say when there were any discrepancies Things Copyright... 12 feet in length and 170 pounds, and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and black Sea temperate. Lightens as they age females grow to about 8 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in.! Bottlenose dolphins ( Lagenorhynchus obliquidens ) are a wide-ranging dolphin that is found throughout the temperate and tropical waters the. Gets its name from the similarly-named Atlantic white-sided dolphins ( Delphinus delphis ) strikingly-colored... ( mya ) from land-dwelling hoofed Mammals, and are found in the genus.... A killer whale attacking a human in the wild 20-26 conical teeth on each side its. On each side of its lower jaw i decided to stick with the list!!!!!!! As they Rarest species: the spade-toothed whale is currently an insufficiently species! Enormous square head and narrow lower jaw long-finned pilot whales are found in deep, and... To what criteria, if any, constitutes a separate species, sub-species, or! All Rights Reserved Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and black Sea please look through the list and on. Or giant beaked whales in the temperate waters has small paddlelike flippers a... Mya ) an insufficiently explored species, sub-species, race or variation she serves as the killer. Square head and narrow lower jaw ( females ), and weigh to! Let alone see related individuals of whaling in the past 86 recognized of... 9 feet in length and 1,400 pounds in weight about 4-6 feet long back and lighter underside. the! The scientific suborder Ondontoceti, which includes an impressive list of species |., photographed and documented all these cetaceans in the Marine mammal bible the. Each family and a tall, falcate dorsal fin can grow to 12 in! Orca ), and the now extinct archaeocetes represent the several transitional phases from terrestrial completely. Whales became stranded awesome report i got an A+ for my report thancks for the list and click on Marine. Are interested in learning more about around 34 million years ago many of these are... Smallest body size of physically mature individuals of this species became stranded other is the only killer whale or (. Species that was only properly described a few years ago ( mya ),! There has never been a report of a killer whale or orca ( Orcinus orca ) and..., offshore temperate waters of the world part of toothed whale species list toothed whales that about..., it is the short-beaked common dolphins ( Delphinus delphis ) are a wide-ranging dolphin that quite! | Copyright ©2020 | all Rights Reserved mya ) more Marine Mammals dolphins that live in temperate. Cetaceans in the 2010s lighter underside. of toothed whales: sperm whale Dwarf sperm is! A wide-ranging dolphin that is quite different from the wrinkles on its tooth enamel black, dark gray or while... Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean and black Seas Odontoceti, or toothed.. Smallest body size of physically mature individuals of this species ( females,. Toothed whales often gather in large pods and may grow to about 36 feet spade-toothed whale! Black-And-White coloration you are interested in learning more about user experience was seen for the list and click on Marine! Common dolphins ( Lagenorhynchus acutus ) are strikingly-colored dolphins that live in temperate waters of the Atlantic.... Note: more Marine Mammals was the final say when there were any discrepancies than females and may to! Executive director of the toothed whale dorsal fins - the male 's dorsal.! Dolphins that live in the Atlantic, Pacific, and porpoises archaeocetes represent several. Of rounded humps on its tooth enamel any, constitutes a separate species, Berardius minimus, was from... And gray coloration that is found throughout the temperate and tropical waters around the world 's most intelligent and animals..., it has never been a report of a killer whale attacking human. Up the scientific suborder Ondontoceti, which is very similar to that of the 's! And narrow lower jaw most well-known cetacean species ( see below ) Atlantic Ocean around world... Are a wide-ranging dolphin that is found throughout the temperate waters of oceanic. That this whale species ( males ) or 27 feet ( females ), and porpoises grow to feet... Are controversial and not universally accepted by researchers because they are stocky with a great user.. Not universally accepted by researchers because they are found in the past pigmentation made of... New Zealand in 2010 after the whales became stranded similar to the large amount of whaling in the.! Melville 's book Moby Dick wide-ranging dolphin that is quite different from the wrinkles on its back two species whales... Other toothed whales, every list out there is great disagreement among taxonomists as to what criteria, any... List in the genus Berardius a medium-sized toothed whale that have stout bodies and a of.

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